Research Library

eeRESEARCH

Welcome to our collaborative research library!

C&NN and NAAEE

Funded by the Pisces Foundation with support from ee360

Are you looking for research about environmental literacy, the benefits of connecting to nature, fostering environmental behaviors, and more? You’ve come to the right spot! eeRESEARCH combines research for environmental education and the movement to connect children and nature. The database includes multiple ways to search for articles, syntheses, and research summaries. Learn more > 

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A systematic review of arts-based interventions delivered to children and young people in nature or outdoor spaces: Impact on nature connectedness, health and wellbeing

Arts-based interventions in nature can increase nature connectivity and improve well-being in children and young people

Citation:
Moula, Z., Palmer, K., & Walshe, N.. (2022). A systematic review of arts-based interventions delivered to children and young people in nature or outdoor spaces: Impact on nature connectedness, health and wellbeing. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. doi:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.858781
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Restoring connectedness in and to nature: Three Nordic examples of recontextualizing family therapy to the outdoors

Mentalization-based family therapy in outdoor settings may promote family connectedness and connectedness to nature

Citation:
Mattsson, M., Fernee, C. R., Pärnänen, K., & Lyytinen, P.. (2022). Restoring connectedness in and to nature: Three Nordic examples of recontextualizing family therapy to the outdoors. Frontiers in Psychology . doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.768614
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Defining a nature-based literacy: A research synthesis review of health-promoting literacies to promote nature engagement

Planning programs around a nature-based literacy framework may promote child health while promoting ecological knowledge and stewardship

Citation:
Barrette, M., Boyer, W., Naylor, P. J., & Harper, N.. (2022). Defining a nature-based literacy: A research synthesis review of health-promoting literacies to promote nature engagement. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2022.2067201
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Growing up green: A systematic review of the influence of greenspace on youth development and health outcomes

Green space exposure can promote youth development outcomes, but more research is needed in low- and middle-income countries

Citation:
Sprague, N. L., Bancalari, P., Karim, W., & Siddiq, S.. (2022). Growing up green: A systematic review of the influence of greenspace on youth development and health outcomes . Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology . doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41370-022-00445-6
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Patterns of family-based nature activities across the early life course and their association with adulthood outdoor participation and preference

Frequency of family-based nature activities in childhood is related to more time outdoors and a preference for outdoor environments in early adulthood

Citation:
Izenstark, D., & Middaugh, E.. (2022). Patterns of family-based nature activities across the early life course and their association with adulthood outdoor participation and preference. Journal of Leisure Research, 53(1), 4-26. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2021.1875274
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Cultivating social capital in diverse, low-income neighborhoods: The value of parks for parents with young children

High-quality parks and safe, walkable, built environments can enhance neighborhood social capital in low-income communities of color

Citation:
Mullenbach, L. E., Larson, L. R., Floyd, M. F., Marquet, O., Huang, J., Alberico, C., et al.. (2022). Cultivating social capital in diverse, low-income neighborhoods: The value of parks for parents with young children. Landscape and Urban Planning , 219. doi:http://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104313
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Children’s emotional experiences in and about nature across temporal–spatial entanglements during digital storying

Engaging children in digital storying can support children in expressing and sharing their emotional experiences.

Citation:
Byman, J., Kumpulainen, K., Wong, C., & Renlund, J.. (2022). Children’s emotional experiences in and about nature across temporal–spatial entanglements during digital storying. Literacy , 56(1). doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/lit.12265
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Demographic, social, and environmental factors predicting Danish children’s greenspace use

Access to multiple types of greenspace is a stronger predictor of greenspace use by children than parental support

Citation:
Arvidsen, J., Schmidt, T., Praestholm, S., Andkjaer, S., Olafsson, A. S., Nielsen, J. V., & Schipperijn, J.. (2022). Demographic, social, and environmental factors predicting Danish children’s greenspace use. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening , 66. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2022.127487
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Park and neighbourhood environmental characteristics associated with park-based physical activity among children in a high-density city

Neighborhood socioeconomic status moderates the way park and neighborhood environments influence children’s park-based physical activity in a high-density city

Citation:
Zhang, R., Zhang, C., Lai, P. C., & Kwan, M.. (2022). Park and neighbourhood environmental characteristics associated with park-based physical activity among children in a high-density city. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening . doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2022.127479
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Green schoolyard renovations in low‐income urban neighborhoods: Benefits to students, schools, and the surrounding community

Green schoolyards may be “particularly powerful drivers of health equity by promoting well‐being at the level of the individual, school, and community.”

Citation:
Bohnert, A. M., Nicholson, L. M., Mertz, L., Bates, C. R., & Gerstein, D. E.. (2021). Green schoolyard renovations in low‐income urban neighborhoods: Benefits to students, schools, and the surrounding community. American Journal of Community Psychology , 1-11. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12559
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Assessing the impact of complimentary wildflower seed packets as an outreach tool for promoting pollinator conservation at a zoo

Wildflower seed packets lead to pollinator-friendly behaviors, though more follow-up is needed

Citation:
Kerr, K. C. R., & Harricharan, A. K.. (2021). Assessing the impact of complimentary wildflower seed packets as an outreach tool for promoting pollinator conservation at a zoo. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(1), 92 - 106. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1724211
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Attitude-intention consistency in the context of energy and water conservation: Examining the moderating role of vested interest

Developing effective conservation messages for students and community members

Citation:
Gonzalez, A. Martinez, & Reynolds-Tylus, T.. (2021). Attitude-intention consistency in the context of energy and water conservation: Examining the moderating role of vested interest. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(4), 319 - 333. presented at the 2021/10/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1862005
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Building teachers’ self-efficacy in teaching about climate change through educative curriculum and professional development

Professional development program builds confidence in teaching climate change

Citation:
Li, C. Jie, Monroe, M. C., Oxarart, A., & Ritchie, T.. (2021). Building teachers’ self-efficacy in teaching about climate change through educative curriculum and professional development. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(1), 34 - 48. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2019.1617806
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Citizen science engagement: Lessons learned from the ClimateWatch “Scientist for a Day” program

Citizen science programs can improve environmental knowledge and behaviors

Citation:
Morales, P. K., Roslan, N., Haas, A., & Lykins, A. D.. (2021). Citizen science engagement: Lessons learned from the ClimateWatch “Scientist for a Day” program. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(4), 393 - 405. presented at the 2021/10/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2021.1922102
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Clustering energy and water conservation behaviors as choices: examining the moderating roles of message elaboration and involvement

Optional conservation recommendations are more effective than mandates

Citation:
Gonzalez, A. Martinez, Reynolds-Tylus, T., & Quick, B. L.. (2021). Clustering energy and water conservation behaviors as choices: examining the moderating roles of message elaboration and involvement. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(2), 139 - 154. presented at the 2021/04/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1740116
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Evaluating impacts of a wetland field trip: a case study with urban middle school students

Short field trips can improve environmental knowledge in urban middle schoolers

Citation:
Hoover, K. Street. (2021). Evaluating impacts of a wetland field trip: a case study with urban middle school students. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(3), 203 - 220. presented at the 2021/07/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1754967
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Expanding high school youth’s perceptions of environmental careers and resilience development through conservation education

Hands-on experience broadens high school students’ understanding of interdisciplinary environmental careers and increases personal resilience

Citation:
Gupta, R., LaMarca, N., Rank, S. J., Flinner, K., & Ardalan, N.. (2021). Expanding high school youth’s perceptions of environmental careers and resilience development through conservation education. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(4), 376 - 392. presented at the 2021/10/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2021.1907261
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Impacts of targeted education programs on the adoption of residential best management practices (BMP) to combat non-point source pollution

Targeted best management programs may help residents adopt behaviors

Citation:
Brehm, J. M., & Eisenhauer, B. W.. (2021). Impacts of targeted education programs on the adoption of residential best management practices (BMP) to combat non-point source pollution. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(2), 155 - 165. presented at the 2021/04/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1740117
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Measuring and developing ecological literacy to conserve the critically endangered Mariana Crow

New school-based environmental education curriculum increased environmental knowledge and attitudes

Citation:
Cook, E. L., & Ormsby, A. A.. (2021). Measuring and developing ecological literacy to conserve the critically endangered Mariana Crow. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(3), 288 - 300. presented at the 2021/07/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1859418
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Place attachment and learning outcomes among tourists who volunteer for a U.S. National Park science volunteer program

A citizen science program in Denali may have positive place attachment and learning outcomes for tourists

Citation:
Fischer, H. A., & Wentz, E. A.. (2021). Place attachment and learning outcomes among tourists who volunteer for a U.S. National Park science volunteer program. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(2), 123 - 138. presented at the 2021/04/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1726840
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Potential of ‘future workshop’ method for educating adolescents about climate change mitigation and adaptation: a case from Freistadt, Upper Austria

Future workshops can complement climate change education

Citation:
Schrot, O. Gerald, Traxler, J., Weifner, A., & Kretzer, M. M.. (2021). Potential of ‘future workshop’ method for educating adolescents about climate change mitigation and adaptation: a case from Freistadt, Upper Austria. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(3), 256 - 269. presented at the 2021/07/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1816515
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Social media split testing and message framing: Emerging capacities to encourage residential water conservation

Social media testing can help educators hone effective messages for conservation

Citation:
Silvert, C. J., Warner, L. A., Loizzo, J., & Shellhouse, J.. (2021). Social media split testing and message framing: Emerging capacities to encourage residential water conservation. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(4), 334 - 346. presented at the 2021/10/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2021.1887779
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Supporting K-12 teachers in the context of whole-school sustainability: four case studies

Collaboration, professional development opportunities, and slow lesson integration may be key for sustainable development education

Citation:
Hurd, E., & Ormsby, A. A.. (2021). Supporting K-12 teachers in the context of whole-school sustainability: four case studies. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(4), 303 - 318. presented at the 2021/10/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1740115
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Sustainable Sea: A board game for engaging students in sustainable fisheries management

Educational games can successfully supplement traditional teaching methods on sustainability topics

Citation:
Parrondo, M., Rayon-Viña, F., Borrell, Y. J., & Miralles, L.. (2021). Sustainable Sea: A board game for engaging students in sustainable fisheries management. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(4), 406 - 421. presented at the 2021/10/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2021.1930608
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Unpacking the power of place-based education in climate change communication

A climate change toolkit can make place-based education more effective

Citation:
Khadka, A., Li, C. Jie, Stanis, S. Wilhelm, & Morgan, M.. (2021). Unpacking the power of place-based education in climate change communication. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(1), 77 - 91. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2020.1719238
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Visitor perceptions of the outcomes of personal interpretation in Alberta’s Provincial Parks

Overlapping factors in personal interpretation influence visitors’ outcomes

Citation:
Cook, K. J., Hvenegaard, G. T., & Halpenny, E. A.. (2021). Visitor perceptions of the outcomes of personal interpretation in Alberta’s Provincial Parks. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(1), 49 - 65. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2019.1693309
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Visitors’ attitudes and behavioral intentions toward Leave No Trace on a national forest

Park visitors’ attitudes towards effectiveness and ease of Leave No Trace affect compliance

Citation:
Coulson, E., Park, L., Lawhon, B., Taff, D., Vagias, W., & Newman, P.. (2021). Visitors’ attitudes and behavioral intentions toward Leave No Trace on a national forest. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 20(1), 1 - 18. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2019.1617804
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Effects of trees, gardens, and nature trails on heat index and child health: Design and methods of the Green Schoolyards Project

School parks can serve as a tool for urban heat island adaptation and health promotion.

Citation:
Lanza, K., Alcazar, M., Hoelscher, D. M., & III, H. W. Kohl. (2021). Effects of trees, gardens, and nature trails on heat index and child health: Design and methods of the Green Schoolyards Project . BMC Public Health , 21(98). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-10128-2
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Parental perspectives on green schoolyards: Advantages outweigh disadvantages, but willingness to help is limited

Parents consider the advantages of green schoolyards to outweigh the disadvantages, but cite lack of time as a barrier to their more active involvement.

Citation:
van Dijk-Wesselius, J. E., Having, D., de Koning, M., Maas, J., & van den Berg, A. E.. (2021). Parental perspectives on green schoolyards: Advantages outweigh disadvantages, but willingness to help is limited . Children's Geographies , 19(2), 145-157 . doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14733285.2020.1751071
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What difference does it make? Exploring the transformative potential of everyday climate crisis activism by children and youth

Youths’ everyday climate crisis activism can make important contributions to a more sustainable future

Citation:
Trott, C. D. (2021). What difference does it make? Exploring the transformative potential of everyday climate crisis activism by children and youth. Children's Geographies . doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14733285.2020.1870663
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Children's agency and action in nature preschool: A tale of two programs

Young children, with support of early childhood educators, have the ability to be meaningfully involved in ecologically sustainable practices

Citation:
Konerman, R., Elliott, S., Pugh, R., Luthy, T., & Carr, V.. (2021). Children's agency and action in nature preschool: A tale of two programs. Children, Youth and Environments, 31(2), 139-150. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.31.2.0139
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Evaluating a green schoolyard transformation: A protocol utilizing the RE-AIM framework

Use of a field-tested evaluation protocol can augment the evidence base for the green schoolyard movement as a health-promotion strategy

Citation:
Gerstein, D. E., Bates, C. R., & Bohnert, A. M.. (2021). Evaluating a green schoolyard transformation: A protocol utilizing the RE-AIM framework. Children, Youth and Environments , 31(1), 187-198 . doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.31.1.0187
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Measuring green space effects on attention and stress in children and youth: A scoping review

Attention and stress outcomes in children as they relate to responses to green space settings should be carefully reviewed and interpreted

Citation:
Barger, B., Torquati, J., Larson, L. R., Bartz, J. M., Johnson-Gaither, C., Gardner, A., et al.. (2021). Measuring green space effects on attention and stress in children and youth: A scoping review. Children, Youth and Environments, 31(1), 1-54. doi:https://doi.org/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.31.1.0001
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Landscapes of becoming social: A systematic review of evidence for associations and pathways between interactions with nature and socioemotional development in children

Review of the literature reveals considerable – but inconsistent – evidence of positive associations between children’s interaction with nature and their socioemotional development.

Citation:
Mygind, L., Kurtzhals, M., Nowell, C., Melby, P. S., Stevenson, M. P., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., et al.. (2021). Landscapes of becoming social: A systematic review of evidence for associations and pathways between interactions with nature and socioemotional development in children. Environment International, 146. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106238
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A comparison of California and Texas secondary science teachers’ perceptions of climate change

State standards and political affiliation influence teaching about climate change in TX and CA

Citation:
Khalidi, R., & Ramsey, J.. (2021). A comparison of California and Texas secondary science teachers’ perceptions of climate change. Environmental Education Research, 27(5), 669 - 686. presented at the 2021/05/04/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1838447
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Attitudes towards animal welfare in Portuguese students from the 6th and the 9th year of schooling: implications for environmental education

Environmental education should consider non-human centered approaches to teaching for better understanding of animal welfare issues

Citation:
Almeida, A., & Fernández, B. García. (2021). Attitudes towards animal welfare in Portuguese students from the 6th and the 9th year of schooling: implications for environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 27(6), 911 - 935. presented at the 2021/06/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1858028
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Biology student teachers’ interest and self-efficacy in planning and conducting field trips after participation in a university course

Pre-service course positively influences educators’ interest and self-efficacy in leading field trips

Citation:
Ordon, K. - J., Bartelheimer, M., & Asshoff, R.. (2021). Biology student teachers’ interest and self-efficacy in planning and conducting field trips after participation in a university course. Environmental Education Research, 27(1), 88 - 109. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1849565
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Bureaucratic exercise? Education for sustainable development in Taiwan through the stories of policy implementers

Lessons learned from Taiwan’s nationwide education for sustainable development program

Citation:
Huang, Y. - S. (Elaine), Harvey, B., & Asghar, A.. (2021). Bureaucratic exercise? Education for sustainable development in Taiwan through the stories of policy implementers. Environmental Education Research, 27(7), 1099 - 1114. presented at the 2021/07/03/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2021.1926431
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Children in nature: Exploring the relationship between childhood outdoor experience and environmental stewardship

Appreciative outdoor activities during childhood promote connection to nature and environmental-citizenship behaviors

Citation:
Hoover, K. S. (2021). Children in nature: Exploring the relationship between childhood outdoor experience and environmental stewardship. Environmental Education Research, 27(6), 894-910. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1856790
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Didactical dilemmas when planning teaching for sustainable development in preschool

Teaching choices in early childhood facilitate sustainable learning in students

Citation:
Hedefalk, M., Caiman, C., Ottander, C., & Almqvist, J.. (2021). Didactical dilemmas when planning teaching for sustainable development in preschool. Environmental Education Research, 27(1), 37 - 49. presented at the 2021/01/02/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1823321
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Educating for resilience: parent and teacher perceptions of children’s emotional needs in response to climate change

Assessing climate anxiety in caretakers and children and ways to overcome it

Citation:
Baker, C., Clayton, S., & Bragg, E.. (2021). Educating for resilience: parent and teacher perceptions of children’s emotional needs in response to climate change. Environmental Education Research, 27(5), 687 - 705. presented at the 2021/05/04/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1828288
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Framing action in a youth climate change filmmaking program: hope, agency, and action across scales

Climate-themed student films emphasize individual behavior change instead of structural changes

Citation:
Tayne, K., Littrell, M. K., Okochi, C., Gold, A. U., & Leckey, E.. (2021). Framing action in a youth climate change filmmaking program: hope, agency, and action across scales. Environmental Education Research, 27(5), 706 - 726. presented at the 2021/05/04/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2020.1821870
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It’s about time: perceived barriers to in-service teacher climate change professional development

Lack of time is teachers’ largest obstacle to participating in climate change professional development

Citation:
Ennes, M., Lawson, D. F., Stevenson, K. T., M. Peterson, N., & M. Jones, G.. (2021). It’s about time: perceived barriers to in-service teacher climate change professional development. Environmental Education Research, 27(5), 762 - 778. presented at the 2021/05/04/. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2021.1909708
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